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Historical Walachia: A Complete Guide For Travelers

Walachia places to visit

The historical province of Walachia or Wallachia, the southern part of Romania, is not called like that today. But when you visit Romania, you will explore some old cities and natural attractions, heritage from the medieval Wallachia. 

If you are an avid explorer looking for new adventure, Romania should be at the top of your list. Not only is it home to a stunningly diverse landscape, including breathtaking forests and snow-capped mountain tops, but it also offers an incredible array of historical sites.

The province of Walachia offers a unique opportunity to explore one of Europe’s oldest and most fascinating histories. From its castles and churches to its vibrant markets and museums, Walachia will captivate you with its cultural heritage. With so much historical beauty scattered throughout the region, countless opportunities exist for those looking to experience something extraordinary.

Step back in time on a journey through this land of adventure. Discover firsthand what makes the area so beloved by locals and tourists alike.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover everything from ancient castles & monasteries to must-see tourist attractions. So grab your favorite traveling companions and start exploring!

Where is Walachia?

Peles castle Sinaia

Walachia is one of the historical regions of Romania located between the Danube River and the Carpathian mountains. Together with Moldavia and Transylvania, it was one of the main lands inhabited by Romanians. It was a powerful principality during the Middle Ages and a significant part of Romanian history.

Historically, Walachia was an independent principality between 1290 and 1859. It became part of Romania in 1859 when it unified with Moldavia, another Romanian province.

The region is known for its natural beauty, with many mountains and forests. It also has a rich cultural heritage with traditional music, crafts, dance, art, and gastronomy.

A Brief History of Wallachia

The first recorded mention of Walachia dates back to 1290, when it was referred to as “Vlachia” in an official document. Just like any other region of Romania, this one, too, had a troubled past. It was an independent land. Later on, it became part of the Ottoman Empire, maintaining its autonomy as a principality. The region was also called The Romanian Country or Romanian Land.

However, in the late 18th century, Wallachia and Moldavia united under Alexandru Ioan Cuza. They formed the United Principalities in a bid to gain independence from the Ottomans. The two regions later became part of Romania with the proclamation of Romanian independence in 1877.

Nowadays, Walachia is the southern region of Romania. Its capital Bucharest became also the capital of Romania and it is the country’s largest city. The region is home to numerous historic sites. The Peles Castle, as well as Targoviste, the capital of Vlad the Impaler are just some of them.

The Different Capitals of Walachia

Walachia is a place that had more than four different capital cities over the years. This means that the region was ruled from different cities at different times.

Campulung: The first capital of Walachia

Campulung Wallachia

Campulung was the first capital of Walachia, located in the northern part of the country. At that time, Walachia was ruled by the Basarab family, and Campulung was the seat of their government.

In fact, Basarab I was the first ruler of the independent state of Wallachia after the victory at Posada against the troops of the king of Hungary, Carol Robert, in 1330. The city then became a strong centre for trade and commerce and a place of great political importance.

Today, Campulung is a small city with historcal buildings, next to the Carpathian mountains. You can visit it on the way to Bran Castle, or you can spend some days here for trekking.

Next Capital: Curtea de Arges

Curtea de Arges monastery

As early as 1200, there was a small voivodeship residence and a church at Curtea de Arges, according to historical sources. Curtea de Arges was the second capital of Walachia, chosen by ruler Vladislav I Vlaicu in 1369.

It was chosen due to its central location and strategic importance in the region, allowing for better communication between Walachia’s other lands.

Curtea de Arges is known today for its stunning monastery with twisted windows and the dark legends surrounding it. It is also the Royal necropoli, several Romanian kings being burried here. You will visit the monastery on the way to Transfagarasan, the most beautiful road in the country.

Targoviste: A place for all rulers

Targoviste capital

The third capital of Walachia was Tirgoviste, located in the country’s southwestern part. It became the official residence and administrative center of rulers for several centuries. This city was destroyed by the Ottoman army during their invasion in 1462 but was quickly rebuilt after that. Targoviste was also the capital of Vlad the Impaler and he defended it with all his forces.

From that time, you can still visit today the remains of the princely court of Vlad the Impaler. Any Dracula tour includes a stop here.

The biggest capital of all: Bucharest

Bucharest old town

The fourth and last capital of Walachia was Bucharest, located in the country’s southeastern part. It became the rulers’ official residence and administrative center as it was an important trade center with a bustling cultural life.

Its economic and cultural importance grew over the years, and it eventually became the capital of not only Walachia but also all of Romania after the unification in 1859.

Today, Bucharest is still the official capital of Romania and a thriving metropolis. Although there have been many changes to its landscape over the years, it remains steeped in history and culture, a reminder of Walachia’s rich past.

Best places to visit in Historical Walachia

Whether you’re looking to explore ancient monuments or take a leisurely stroll through picturesque villages, Walachia has it all! Here are some of the top things to do in this fascinating region. From visiting famous castles and monasteries to exploring breathtaking mountains and forests, discover what makes Walachia one of Europe’s most beloved tourist destinations.


Bucharest aerial view

Bucharest is the perfect destination for history buffs and architecture lovers alike. The city boasts several stunning monuments, grand boulevards of its heyday in the 1920s, churches, and castles from different historical periods.

You should visit this beautiful historic city to experience its captivating architecture, vibrant culture, and rich history.

Some of the must-see sights include:

  • Village Museum
  • Old Town (Lipscani), filled with quaint cobblestone streets;
  • The Palace of Parliament (Casa Poporului);
  • Triumphal Arch—a restored monument from World War I.

There’s also a wide selection of restaurants, bars, and cafes serving traditional Romanian food as well as international cuisines.

Shopping enthusiasts will love exploring Calea Victoriei—the main commercial thoroughfare—for designer boutiques, while nature lovers can take in Bucharest’s parks and gardens or go hiking in nearby forests.

There are plenty more activities to do, such as visiting museums or experiencing a show at one of Bucharest’s many theatres, for a memorable trip!


Visiting Targoviste is an excellent way to experience the history and culture of this fascinating country. This is a city with plenty of stories to tell. The place is home to many sites that have been designated as national monuments, such as the imposing 15th-century Royal Court and Chindia Tower, which was constructed in the 16th century.

This site was once the seat of Vlad III, better known as Vlad the Impaler, and is a must-see for any visitor!



Sinaia is an incredible place to visit, offering stunning views of the Carpathian Mountains, various outdoor activities such as skiing and hiking, and some of Romania’s best attractions—Peles Castle and Sinaia Monastery.

Peles Castle is one of the most beautiful castles in Romania. Located in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains, this stunning castle was built between 1873 and 1914 as a summer residence for King Carol I of Romania. It is considered one of the most luxurious residences ever created in Europe due to its grandeur and extensive interior decoration. Visitors can take a guided tour of the castle and explore its lavish interiors, which include an impressive art collection, intricate wood carvings, and beautiful stained glass windows.

The Sinaia Monastery is another important site in Sinaia. Built in 1695 by Mihai Cantacuzino, the monastery is home to some of Romania’s most important religious artifacts. Highlights include the altar carved in marble and a golden chandelier given to the monastery by King Carol I. Visitors can also view the beautiful frescoes that adorn its walls and its impressive library of ancient manuscripts.

Curtea de Arges

Curtea de Arges is a small town in Romania known for its ancient sites and Byzantine architecture. The 16th-century Curtea de Arges Monastery is the most famous, built by Neagoe Basarb. It’s one of Romania’s most important religious monuments and a great place to explore if you’re interested in history and architecture.

Besides being visually stunning, the monastery also offers visitors insight into Romania’s past and an inspiring atmosphere for spiritual reflection. Visitors can simply wander through its awe-inspiring grounds on their own.

A visit to Curtea de Arges Monastery promises an unforgettable experience of mystery, beauty and culture.

Mud Volcanoes

Mud volcanoes

Visiting the Mud Volcanoes in Romania is an experience like no other. Located in Buzau county in the commune Scorțoasa, these unique geological formations are a sight to behold. The volcanoes were formed by natural gas and water escaping through cracks in the Earth’s surface and have been active for thousands of years. Their bubbling mud pools create a mesmerizing landscape that draws visitors from around the world. From exploring their fascinating history to simply marveling at their beauty, there’s something special about visiting the Mud Volcanoes that you won’t soon forget!

Neajlovu Delta

Neajlov Delta

The Neajlovu Delta, or Balta Comana, is part of the Comana National Park and is second in biodiversity after the Danube Delta. Those who are passionate about the diversity of bird species, for example, can use the bird-watching points set up by the park administration. Otherwise, you can go boating and kayaking on the Neajlovu Delta and admire the beauty of this area. You can also go fishing if you’re looking for a relaxing way to pass the time.

Regardless of what you choose to do, the Neajlovu Delta is an amazing natural wonder that should be experienced in person. The vibrant colors of flora and fauna will make your trip one to remember.

Some of our tours in Walachia:

Food and wine tour of Romania 5 days

Price on request
This gastronomic trip in Romania was designed to offer you the opportunity to visit the famous wine regions, to taste delicious traditional dishes and to see some important attractions. In these 5 days, you will have the chance to experience Romania with all your senses! This is one of the best wine tours in Romania because it combines the main tourist attractions with visiting the wineries and wine tasting in Romania. This way you will have the opportunity to discover traditional food and quality Romanian wines: red, white and rosé. Among the well-known attractions that you will explore during this tour are the Village Museum in Bucharest, Peles Castle, Bran Castle, the old centre of Brasov and the Unirea salt mine. If you are ready to combine delicious tastes, strong wines and well-known attractions, don’t hesitate to book this tour. And after that, you can try another other tours departing from Bucharest.

Mud volcanoes and the living stones of Romania

From 99  /person
If you like the off the beaten path attractions it is time to discover 2 secret gems in Romania that not many people know. We have prepared a special day trip from Bucharest to take you to the muddy volcanoes and to the living stones in Buzau. If you want to discover other places near Bucharest check our day trips from Bucharest.

Muddy volcanoes & Unirea salt mine tour

From 99  /person
Have you ever dreamed to step on the Moon? Do you want to explore the centre of the Earth and its fabulous miracles? Can you handle doing both of them in the same day? If your answer is yes, then the Romania Muddy volcanoes and Unirea salt mine tour in one day is for you! Book now this trip and you will start your day with a visit to the biggest salt mine in Europe, the Prahova salt mine in Romania, called “Unirea”. If you have more time, you can choose another day trip from Bucharest.

If you’re looking for a destination that offers both natural beauty and rich history, look no further than Walachia, Romania. With so much to see and do, it’s the perfect place to explore with friends or family.

So what are you waiting for? Start planning your trip today and book a private tour to ensure you don’t miss a single detail of this incredible region.

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